In the 1950's the Italian company, SGS, was working GE
transistor technology, but in 1960 SGS developed a strategic relationship with
Fairchild creating Fairchild-SGS. Under the Fairchild relationship SGS developed
skills, production capabilities, and research and development facilities.
Fairchild benefited by this beachhead in the European market.
In 1968, Fairchild withdrew from the
relationship. SGS did not do well financially and by 1971 the Italian government
decided to merge SGS with Ates, a subsidiary of the Italian telecommunications
SGS and Fairchild-SGS developed
transistor and logic chips.
Federico Faggin (Intel 4004, Intel
8080, Zilog Z80 designer) - Started with Olivetti, moved to SGS-Fairchild,
moved to Fairchild, then to Intel, and then started Zilog.